Vinyl chloride

A synthetic chemical that can enter drinking water through leaching from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, from industrial discharges from chemical, plastic and latex manufacturing plants, or as a result of the biodegradation of synthetic solvents. Prolonged exposure to high levels of vinyl chloride have been known to cause immune disorders and damage to the liver, kidneys and nerves. It has been proven to cause cancer in humans, especially liver cancer, and is known to be twice as likely for children under 5 to get cancer from intense exposure to this chemical.

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